Singerand Unger What matters here is just that most pairs of these claims are logically independent, so a moral theorist could consistently accept some of them without accepting others.
Although they have no real friends or lovers and actually accomplish nothing, people on the experience machine get just as much pleasure as if their beliefs were true. Similarly, a consequentialist theory may aim at the maximization of a particular virtue or set of virtues.
Even though a whole set of consequences has no further consequences, it might have further implications. Boxing makes me worse at the piano. So Expectable Consequentialism says my thoughtless selfish action was morally The concept of consequentialism.
Criticisms of Consequentialism Back to Top Some Virtue Ethicists hold that Consequentialist theories totally disregard the development and importance of moral character. Rule consequentialism exists in the forms of rule utilitarianism and rule egoism.
Similarly, some consequentialists hold that an act is right if and only if it maximizes some function of both happiness and capabilities SenNussbaum A consequentialist theory is one which weighs up the results of every possible action someone can take, and the right action is the one which makes for the "best" results, where best is the maximisation of some Good or goods.
For example, my love for my wife does not seem to become less valuable when I get less pleasure from her because she contracts some horrible disease. Of all the things a person might do at any given moment, the morally right action is the one that has the best consequences for that person and her friends.
Consequentialism and Its Critics. Hedonism then claims that pleasure is the only intrinsic good and that pain is the only intrinsic bad. The requirement to maximize utility, thus, strikes many people as too demanding because it interferes with the personal decisions that most of us feel should be left up to the individual.
See Foot ; Scanlon Mill, John Stuart Roger Crisp, ed. We cannot, however, use the same method to determine whether one person's preference is stronger or weaker than another person's preference, since these different people might choose differently in the decisive conflicts.
This is the belief that there is no kind of action so disgraceful but it might be justified as a means to some end. However, this might require us to go far out of our way, leaving no time to pursue our particular ambitions. Singer ; Sinnott-Armstrong What is Desirable Consider this argument for Plain Scalar Consequentialism, which is based on one proposed in Mill The definition I supplied could use some tweaking, however.
Why would the absence of bias mean being equally sympathetic with everyone?
But of course I know that the position of the hand has no effect on my speed. On the other hand, agent-centered prerogatives seem much easier to defend, on the familiar grounds that consequentialist theories are morally too demanding.
In all such cases, opponents of preference utilitarianism can deny that what I prefer is really good. Virtue Ethics Edit Consequentialism can also be contrasted with aretaic moral theories such as virtue ethics.
Partiality It is in the spirit of consequentialism to look at goodness ultimately from an impartial, impersonal point of view.
Scanlon advances the idea that human rights, which are commonly considered a "deontological" concept, can only be justified with reference to the consequences of having those rights .
If there is more value in benefiting oneself or one's family and friends than there is disvalue in letting strangers die without killing themthen spending resources on oneself or one's family and friends would maximize the good.The opposite of consequentialism is, unsurprisingly, non-consequentialism, although this could also be labeled as deontological ethics.
From this viewpoint, the morality of an action is based on.
Consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics are moral theories that evaluate morality on the basis of different factors. This Buzzle post explains the consequentialism vs. deontology vs. virtue ethics comparison. One of the most stated examples of this concept is in nursing. Assume that a nurse is tending to a cancer patient, and is.
Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Philosophies- Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives. The morality of an action has always been a question to be examined by philosophy.
Consequentialism. Consequentialism is the view that morality is all about producing the right kinds of overall consequences.
Here the phrase “overall consequences” of an action means everything the action brings about, including the action itself. Consequentialism is the class of normative ethical theories holding that the consequences of one's conduct are the ultimate basis for any judgment about the rightness or wrongness of that conduct.
Thus, from a consequentialist standpoint, a morally right act (or omission from acting) is one that will produce a good outcome, or consequence.
Consequentialism; Definition; Consequentialism is a normative ethical theory, which means, it is a theory about ethical action and a proposed method for deciding how one should choose the right ethical act.
(Feiser) Consequentialism says that the consequences of an action are all that matter when taking an ethical decision to act.Download