Indeed, as even sitcom writers and stand-up comics apparently understand odd fact: In his book-length essay, The Myth of Sisyphus, Camus presents a philosophy that contests philosophy itself. And with what feelings could he accept this honor at a time when other writers in Europe, among them the very greatest, are condemned to silence, and even at a time when the country of his birth is going through unending misery?
They have more often praised his towering literary achievements and standing as a political moralist while pointing out his dubious claims and problematic arguments see Sherman In the years since, the apparent unsystematic, indeed, anti-systematic, character of his philosophy, has meant that relatively few scholars have appreciated its full depth and complexity.
Both The Myth of Sisyphus and his other philosophical work, The Rebel, are systematically skeptical of conclusions about the meaning of life, yet both works assert objectively valid answers to key questions about how to live.
In short, he was not much given to speculative philosophy or any kind of abstract theorizing. However, does not this evidence also point to Meursault as an existentialist?
As a child, about the only thing Camus ever learned about his father was that he had once become violently ill after witnessing a public execution.
When he rebels, a man identifies himself with other men and so surpasses himself, and from this point of view human solidarity is metaphysical. For A paper on philosophy in camuss the stranger to be an equivalency, the death penalty would have to punish a criminal who had warned his victim of the date on which he would inflict a horrible death on him and who, from that moment onward, had confined him at his mercy for months.
Other notable influences include not only the major modern philosophers from the academic curriculum—from Descartes and Spinoza to Bergson—but also, and just as importantly, philosophical writers like Stendhal, Melville, Dostoyevsky, and Kafka.
So why should he care about anyone? N, 69 The intense and glistening present tells us that we can fully experience and appreciate life only on the condition that we no longer try to avoid our ultimate and absolute death.
In order to get to the bottom of things while avoiding arguing for the truth of his statements, he depicts, enumerates, and illustrates. This last point was already contained in Nuptials, but here is expanded to link consciousness with happiness.
Anxiety over the fate of Western culture, already intense, escalated to apocalyptic levels with the sudden emergence of fascism, totalitarianism, and new technologies of coercion and death. If we decide that a life without some essential purpose or meaning is not worth living, we can simply choose to kill ourselves.
The Rebel is, rather, a historically framed philosophical essay about underlying ideas and attitudes of civilization.
Another point of divergence is that Camus seems to have regarded existentialism as a complete and systematic world-view, that is, a fully articulated doctrine. It lasted until Among his most notable novels are The Plague, published inand The Fall, published in It is simply to point out that he was not a systematic, or even a notably disciplined thinker and that, unlike Heidegger and Sartrefor example, he showed very little interest in metaphysics and ontology, which seems to be one of the reasons he consistently denied that he was an existentialist.
This perspective undoubtedly set the foundation for his adoption of the theory of existentialism. During this period, while contending with recurrent bouts of tuberculosis, he also published The Myth of Sisyphus, his philosophical anatomy of suicide and the absurd, and joined Gallimard Publishing as an editor, a position he held until his death.
Since existence itself has no meaning, we must learn to bear an irresolvable emptiness. But he still retains a scant hope that capital punishment will be completely abolished at some point in the time to come: However, his plays never achieved the same popularity, critical success, or level of incandescence as his more famous novels and major essays.
Indeed, as even sitcom writers and stand-up comics apparently understand odd fact: From tohe briefly wrote for a similar paper, Soir-Republicain. Camus concludes his essay by arguing that, at the very least, France should abolish the savage spectacle of the guillotine and replace it with a more humane procedure such as lethal injection.
Here he unfolds what is essentially a hedonistic, indeed almost primitivistic, celebration of nature and the life of the senses. His verdict on the matter is unqualified and clear: For example, Sartre recognizes the absurdity of individual experience, while Kierkegaard explains that the absurdity of certain religious truths prevents us from reaching God rationally.
Meursault did at the last minute begin to appreciate life. There is no salvation, he argues, no transcendence; there is only the enjoyment of consciousness and natural being.
The turning point in Camus's attitude to the Absurd occurs in a collection of four letters to an anonymous German friend, written between July and July He told Le Monde in"I would agree with Benjamin Constantwho thought a lack of religion was vulgar and even hackneyed.
And he builds a unique philosophical construction, whose premises are often left unstated and which is not always argued clearly, but which develops in distinct stages over the course of his brief lifetime. Might not Silenus be right in declaring that it would have been better not to have been born, or to die as soon as possible?
Themes and Ideas Regardless of whether he is producing drama, fiction, or non-fiction, Camus in his mature writings nearly always takes up and re-explores the same basic philosophical issues.
A posthumous novel, partly autobiographical. This group worked against the Nazis, and in it Camus assumed the nom de guerre Beauchard.The Stranger: Reflection The Stranger Final Reflection One of the main themes in Albert Camus’s The Stranger is that the universe is irrational and life has no meaning.
Camus’s writing strongly supports the idea that a person’s life is meaningless and has no structure or real order. Albert Camus (/ k æ ˈ m uː /; French: [albɛʁ kamy] (listen); 7 November – 4 January ) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist.
His views contributed to the Alma mater: University of Algiers. Essay on Philosophy in Albert Camus' Two Novels, The Stranger and The Fall - Philosophy in Albert Camus' Two Novels, The Stranger and The Fall One of the most noted proponents of early French existentialism, Albert Camus, composed nearly a dozen superb literary works dealing with this philosophy.
Join Now Log in Home Literature Essays The Stranger Philosophical Morality in A Clockwork Orange and The Stranger Absurdism is a philosophy credited to Camus, a belief that there is an inherent disharmony between an individual’s search for meaning and the actual lack of meaning.
The three practical ways to deal with such a circumstance. The Stranger by Albert Camus Essay Words | 7 Pages.
remain in this mud or rise out of it and move on. Albert Camus’ philosophy of the absurd is similar to Jean-Paul Sartre’s vision of human existence because he is being punished by the Gods to keep pushing a rock up to the very top of a heel until it falls back down.
Philosophy term papers (paper ) on Nihilism And Camus' The Stranger: Nihilism is, literally, the belief in nothing. Originally the term was used to attack accused heretics during the middle ages.
Over time, however, t. Term paperDownload